Home  |   Tool Kit  |   Library   |  Sponsor   |   Help Us   |   Contact Us

Services & Resources on this site reflect the best practices in the field of Traumatic Brain Injury

get all you need & more:  experience higher standards in brain trauma services -- 206-621-8558 

Copyright © 1998 Head Injury Hotline

TBI Glossary "T thru Z"

Multi-Million Dollar Accident Lawyers
Learn About Brain Injury
Brain Injury Types
Brain Injury Checklist
Brain Injury Emergency
Brain Injury Glossary
Brain Injury Treatment - Acute
Brain Injury Treatment - Mild
Patients Perspective
Brain Injury Costs
Brain Injury FAQ
Spinal Cord Injury
Concussion FAQ
Concussion in Sports
Head Gear
Brain Map
Pain Map
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Donate a car 
and get a great 
tax break 
Brain Injury Publications

D. Mortz Inspirational Award
est. 2002

Life after brain injury
Getting Started
Essential Skills
Personal Safety Net
Self Assessment
When I Grow up
Daily Journal
Time Management
Loss Self
Found Self
Pop Quiz
Memory Survey
Memory Strategies
Life Events Inventory
Wellness Inventory

Support Groups
Family & Child Resources
Caregiver Resources
Brain Injury Links
Disability Income
Education Resources
Health Resources
N.W. Resources
Government Resources
Addiction Services
Assistive Devices
Medical Transit
Personal Mobility
Service Animals
Respite Services
Doctors & Rehab Facilities
A Few Good Doctors
Doctor Checklist
Rehab Facilities
Rehab Finder
Rehab Checklist
   The pages linked in this section of our web site lists medical terms commonly associated with brain injury. Entries  in this glossary have been simplified for ease of understanding by lay persons. Terms in this section were drawn from Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 14th edition, 1981, Mosby's Medical and Nursing Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1986, The Merck Manual, 13th edition, 1977, DSM-IV.  See our Resources page for information on and links to these and other medical reference materials.
     Many of the entries below have been linked to corresponding pages of this site that contain related information on the topic. 
[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [ L] [M] [N]
        [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [ V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
  TEMPORAL LOBES - there are two temporal lobes, one on each side of the brain, at about the level of the ears. These lobes allow a person to tell one smell from another and one sound from another. They also help in sorting out new information and are believed to be responsible for short-term memory. 

    TENDON LENGTHENING - a procedure, usually involving the Achilles tendon, to treat contractures caused by spasms. 

    TENODESIS (Hand Splint) - metal or plastic support for hand, wrist and/or fingers. Used to facilitate grater function to a disabled hand by transferring wrist extension into grip and finger control. 

    THORACIC - pertaining to the chest, vertebrae or spinal cord segments between the cervical and lumbar areas. 

    THROMBOPHLEBITIS - a clot in a vein due to diminished blood flow which can occur in a paralyzed leg. Symptoms include swelling and redness. 

    TILT TABLE - a motorized table which is used to gradually increase patients tolerance to being in a standing position. Also used to teach partial weight bearing and to give prolonged stretch in each position. 

    TRACHEOSTOMY- opening in windpipe to facilitate breathing.

    TRAUMA -  a physical injury caused by violent or disruptive action; a psychological injury caused by severe emotional shock. 

    TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY (TBI) -  an injury to the brain regardless of severity. 

UNILATERAL - pertaining to only one side. 

    UPPER MOTOR NEURONS - long nerve cells that originate in the brain and travel in tracts through the spinal cord. Any injury to these nerves cuts off contact with brain control. Reflex activity is still intact, however resulting in spasticity. For men with upper motor neuron injuries, reflex erections are possible. 

    URINARY TRACT INFECTION (UTI) - bacterial invasion of the urinary tract, which includes bladder, bladder neck and urethra. Symptoms of UTI include urine that is cloudy, contains sediment and smells foul, and fever. UTI involving the kidneys is preventable but dangerous. Medications often prescribed for UTI include Keflex, Macrodantin, Furadantin, Septra, Bactim, Mandelamine, penicillin, and amoxicillin. Side effects vary, and may include nausea and vomiting, skin rash or hives. 

  VEGETATIVE STATE - a condition in which the person utters no words and does not follow commands or make any response that is psychologically meaningful.

    VENTILATOR - mechanical device to facilitate breathing in persons with impaired diaphragm function. Also known as respirator.

    VENTRICLES, BRAIN - four natural cavities in the brain which are filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The outline of one or more of these cavities may change when a space-occupying lesion (hemorrhage, tumor) has developed in a lobe of the brain. 

    VERBOSITY a tendency to be excessively wordy in conversation. 

    VERTEBRAE - the bones that make up the spinal column.

    VESTIBULAR NERVE - a main division of the auditory nerve.  Arises in the ganglion and is concerned with equilibrium. 

    VISION THERAPY - specific therapies and corrective lenses designed to treat visual disorders resulting from brain injury or defect.

    VITAL CAPACITY- the measure of air in a full breath. It is an important consideration for people with high-level tetraplegia who also have impaired pulmonary function. 

    VITAL SIGNS - consist of taking blood pressure, pulse, respiration and temperature. 

WHIPLASH INJURY -  an injury to the neck that causes violent back and forth movement of the head and neck such as in a rear end car collision. Such injuries have been known to cause brain damage even though there was no direct injury to the head. 

    WITHDRAWAL -  a response to physical danger or severe stress characterized by a state of apathy, lethargy, depression and retreat into oneself. 

    WORK UP -  the process of performing a complete evaluation of a patient's condition including history, physical examination, laboratory tests and x-ray  or other diagnostic procedures necessary for a doctor to use in making a diagnosis and forming a treatment plan. 

Head Injury Hotline:  ProvidingDifficult to Find Information About Head Injury Since 1985

Back to Topup arrow

Copyright © 1998 Head Injury Hotline