| The pages linked in this
section of our web site lists medical terms commonly associated with brain
injury. Entries in this glossary have been simplified for ease of
understanding by lay persons. Terms in this section were drawn from Taber's
Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 14th edition, 1981, Mosby's Medical and
Nursing Dictionary, 2nd edition, 1986, The Merck Manual, 13th edition,
1977, DSM-IV. See our Resources
page for information on and links to these and other medical reference
Many of the entries below have been linked
to corresponding pages of this site that contain related information on
- collection of fluid in the tissue causing swelling.
(EMG) - a test that records the responses of muscles to electrical stimulation.
- a means of extracting sperm from men with erectile dysfunction by using
an electrical probe in the rectum. The sperm can be used to fertilize eggs
in the uterus or in a test tube.
a complex feeling state with mental, physical and motor responses.
- the correctness or suitability of feelings evaluated from an objective
a dulling of emotional response.
- exhibiting rapid and drastic changes in emotional state (laughing, crying,
anger) inappropriately without apparent reason.
- the desire in each of us for another person who is understanding,
empathetic and supportive and with whom we can share our feelings of love,
fear, anger, sorrow, anxiety, frustration and depression.
- the recognition, understanding, respect and empathy of one person
non-invasive use of ultrasound waves to record echoes from brain tissue.
Used to detect hematoma, tumor or ventricle problems.
- the vigor to do work; the strength to perform strenuous activities.
- all of the things mental and physical that affect a person's life
an exaggerated or abnormal sense of well-being not based on reality.
- registration of the electrical response of brain cells as detected by
electrodes placed on the surface of the head at various places. The evoked
potential, unlike the waves on an EEG, is elicited by a specific stimulus
applied to the visual, auditory or other sensory receptors of the body.
Evoked potentials are used to diagnose a wide variety of central nervous
to increase the seriousness of a condition marked by more intense signs
emotional; nervous; agitate; sensitive.
- the capacities necessary to formulate, plan and carry out plans
effectively. These functions are essential for independent, creative and
socially constructive behavior.
movement which brings the body or limbs into straight position.
arm or leg.
- a state of exhaustion; the loss of strength or endurance.
- emotional reaction to the threat of danger; emotional reaction
to immediate and evident danger.
Electric Stimulation) - the application of low-level, computer controlled
electric current to the neuromuscular system, including paralyzed muscle.
FES is used to enhance or produce functions such as walking or bike exercises.
FES has been used in experiments to facilitate grip in individuals with
tetraplegia, using a switch activated by shoulder shrug. Other uses include
correction of scoliosis, bladder control, electro-ejaculation, phrenic
a form of paralysis in which muscles are soft and limp.
- emotionally lacking; listless.
FLEXION - movement
which brings body or limbs into a bent position.
- a rubber tube placed in the urethra, extending to the bladder, in order
to empty the bladder. It is held in place with a small fulfilled balloon.
FRONTAL LOBE - front
part of the brain; involved in planning, organizing, problem solving, selective
attention, personality and a variety of "higher cognitive functions."
the ability to carry out a purposeful activity.