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Copyright © 1998 Head Injury Hotline
Glossary of Terms
From The Ashes:
A Brain Injury Survivor's Guide
Adult Day Care
Adult day care programs provide meals and care services in a community setting during the day while a caregiver needs time off or must work. 

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Adult Family Home
Adult family home care is for residents needing assistance with activities of daily living, but without significant nursing requirements. 

Assisted Living
Assisted living provides apartment-style accommodations where services focus on providing assistance with daily living activities. These facilities are designed to bridge the gap between independent living and nursing home care, and provide a higher level of services for their residents including meals, housekeeping, medication assistance, laundry, and regular checks-ins. 

Assistive Technology
Devices designed to enhance the independence of individuals with cognitive and physical impairments. Assistive technology might include simple aids, like magnifiers, tape recorders, reachers or other "low tech" devices. In other cases assistive technology can refer to "high-tech" electronic devices (computers, augmentative communication devices, powered mobility units, etc. 

Home Care
Home care is provided in an individual's home by outside providers and aims to keep the individual functioning at the highest possible level. Services range from basic assistance with household chores to skilled nursing services. 

Hospice Care 
Hospice care is a combination of facility-based and home care provided to benefit terminally ill patients and support their families. 

Hospitals / Rehabilitation Facilities
In addition to traditional services, many hospitals offer skilled or sub-acute rehabilitation and nursing services either in their facility or on their campus. 

Independent Living 
Independent living is for people who can take care of themselves and includes residing in one's own home or apartment, a retirement community, or independent living apartments. 

Other Care Options
Maybe a nursing home is not the best solution at this time. Fortunately, the range of senior care options continues to expand to better meet the care and financial needs of individuals. Some of the alternatives that may be available in your area include independent living, congregate care, assisted living and home health care. Nursing Home INFO is currently expanding its databases to provide similar search tools for the entire continuum of senior care. 

Out-patient Therapy 
Many facilities offer the same therapies provided in a nursing home on an out-patient basis. For those choosing a home-based option, out-patient therapy may be a necessary professional service. Is a deposit required? Is it refundable? 

Respite Care
Respite care is provided on a temporary basis to allow a primary care provider or family member relief for a few hours or days. 

Skilled Nursing
Skilled nursing facilities are traditional nursing facilities that provide 24-hour medical nursing care for people with serious illnesses or disabilities. These facilities are state-licensed and care is provided by registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and certified nurse aids. 

Retirement Communities (CCRC) or Life Care Communities (LCC)
These communities are planned and operated to provide a continuum of care from independent living through skilled nursing. The facilities allow individuals to live within the same community as their needs progress through the spectrum of care. 

Sub-acute Care
Sub-acute care is intensive nursing care for patients recovering from surgery or illness patients receive this care in a nursing home setting. 

Therapies (Inpatient and Some Outpatient)
Physical therapy
Occupational therapy
Speech therapy
Respiratory therapy


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