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Headline News - Brain Injury News & Events
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           Welcome to "HeadlineNews" the Head Injury Hotline newsletter, archive. To keep up with the latest news and events Subscribe to our e-newsletter. Our goal is to provide news you can use; news that is relevant, cogent, and timely. The job of Headline News is to sort through the junk and give you the information and resources you need. 

          Headline News features  breaking news, scientific developments, research projects, as well as events, conferences and seminars.  It profiles outstanding brain injury organizations, activists and professionals.  Submissions from our readers are welcome. 

          While Headline News focuses on traumatic brain injury, it has relevancy for all types of brain damage. Headline News welcomesletters to the editor or other commentary.  Please write to editor@headinjury.com

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Researchers believe most deaths are preventable  because a misdiagnosis often means more abuse  which is more likely to be fatal.
Link to:

Journal of the American Medical Association
Link to:
Shaken Baby.Org


...did you know that April is
National Child Abuse Prevention Month?  Spread the word!

Stop Child Abuse

Healthy & Wise
    While most concussions symptoms appear to resolve within a few months, research has shown, that when such patients are subjected to the stresses, of everyday living they perform well below that of uninjured persons. 

    "High achievers may achieve normal scores, but not in a normal fashion.
Normal subjects do not need two hours of sleep after the test session to
fully recover from the effort, nor do they need to take two to three days to recover fully." 

Source: Gronwall, Dorothy in Levin, Eisenberg, Benton. Mild Head Injury,   Ch. 10, pages 156-161. Oxford University Press, 1989.

Link to:
Journal of The American Medical Association - JAMA

  Breaking News!
TBI Action Alert

BIA-Policy Corner -  June 19, 2000 -- Still we await introduction of the TBI Act in the Senate and the hectic process that will follow. We need to keep doing the same thing over and over until this Act becomes reality. We have every reason to believe that it will absolutely achieve passage this year, so keep up the pressure!!! Here's what's going on this week. 

TBI Act -- Action Alert Still in Effect !!!!!

Focus on the Senate --  We expect Chief Sponsors, Senators Hatch (R-UT), Kennedy (D-MA) and Frist (R-TN), to finish their draft of the new bill and introduce it soon. Please make those Senatorial contacts and remind them that the following are extremely important provisions. 

     The Toll Free Help line requested for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  The provision of Protection and Advocacy Services for people with TBI 

ACTION: Call, write or fax your Senators asking them to support the Act, including the provisions listed above. Members of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee are priority (see list at the end of this Policy Corner), but even if your Senators are not on the Committee, they can help by contacting committee members and urging their support for the TBI provisions.

contact: Robert Demichelis RDemichelis@BIAUSA.ORG
106th Congress:
House Directories
Senate Directories


"The brain is like any other organ in the body. It ages with regard to how it is used--"
Dr. Robert Friedland, 
Case Western Reserve University

Children who have sustained one head injury are at risk for subsequent head injuries because of the changes in their behavior and their judgment.

  Capitol Watch
Activists Demand Change In Long Term Care System

  June 18-22, 2000. Week of protests  to advocate for a change in a "broken" long term care system. 800 members of ADAPT, a national grassroots disability rights group, and numerous other groups representing people with disabilities will send a message to the Clinton Administration to implement the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Olmstead, which was issued last June.

  A rally in Upper Senate Park will kick off ADAPT's series of protests to demand more and better home and community based services. They will send a message to Congress to pass MiCASSA, the Medicaid Community Attendant Services and Supports Act, S. 1935, introduced by Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) and co-sponsored by Senator Arlen Specter (R-PA). 

    This bipartisan bill allows people to choose to live and receive services in the community rather than being forced into a nursing home or other institution.

    Several thousand people are expected at the "Faces and Voices" rally, which begins at 2 pm on Sunday, June 18, in Upper Senate Park on the Capitol Grounds. A march will follow the rally, and kick off the protests planned 
for the week.

   ADAPT also charges both presidential candidates with ignoring the issue of Medicaid long term care reform in their campaigns, angering the disability community. "We are the faces and voices of a failed public policy," said Bob Kafka, national organizer for ADAPT

    "It's criminal that in the year 2000 
people are still being forced into nursing homes. We are fed up with the rhetoric. It is time for Congress, the Clinton Administration, and the presidential candidates to take a position on MiCASSA."   http://www.adapt.org

TBI in Sports
New York Times ran a big spread on Concussion in Sports on
Friday, May 12, 2000.  View the article, related links and express your views in a forum.

Link to:
American Academy
of Pediatrics
Brain in the News
Study Finds Even 'Mild' Injuries to Brain can have Serious Effects 
Even mild head injuries result in major changes to the brain's metabolism and could make victims susceptible to more serious damages from repeated blow; according to a study published in the Journal of Neurotrauma, vol 17, no 5, May 2000 - 
Brisk walk boosts brain power among the old, study finds 
A new study suggests that taking an invigorating walk gives older people's brains a good workout, boosting memory and sharpening judgment.
Researchers show that stem cells can be used to repair nerve tissue 
Master cells taken from mouse embryos were used to repair spinal and brain cells in rats in what researchers say is a step toward treating nerve disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, by growing new tissue. (July 30, 1999) 
Brain Damage can Develop for weeks after initial trauma
Brain damage after an accident or trauma develops slowly, sometimes over weeks.  "A brain-injured patient may look stable, but cells are still dying, said Tracy McIntosh, professor of neurosurgery at the U. of Pennsylvania Medical Center. Even after two months, brain cells in the thalamus, the area of the brain responsible for motor function, were dying. 

Journal of Neuroscience, August 1, 1998

Disabilities Rights Activist Susan Sygall Named MacArthur Fellow

EUGENE -- The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has named Susan Sygall, Executive Director of Mobility International USA, as one of this year's 25 MacArthur Fellows.  She will receive $500,000 over five years . Sygall is perhaps the first woman with a
disability to receive this recognition.

Nelson Tyler & Langer, Attorneys at Law  -- headinjury.com sponsor
 Attorneys at Law
Spirit of ADA Torch RelayAAPD American Assoc of People with Disabilities Presents...
    The Spirit of ADA Campaign marks the 10th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the 25th anniversary of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and a call for individuals, communities, and leaders to renew their commitment to an America that works for everyone.
url: http://www.aapd-dc.org/
Youth At Risk
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimated that if all Americans wore seat belts it would save 10,000 lives, 200,000 injuries and $20 billion in costs to society on an annual basis


Stroke Family http://www.strokefamily.organnounces the first TALKING on-line home practice program for aphasia! Success stories, Art Gallery, recovery guide, articles, activities and support for stroke families.

Classified Ads:

Rehab Center:
Transitional Learning Ctr. for TBI   sparekey@swbell.net
816 373-4485 ext 1277

Independent Living:
North Country Independent Living
1267 Villege Square, PO Box 518 
 North Conway, NH 03860-0518 
603- 356-0282 or 888-400-6245
email: ncil@ncia.net

Situation Wanted:
Looking for rehabilitation opportunities with people whom have acquired Traumatic
Brain Injury in either USA or Australia.  Kevin Biddle

Volunteers Wanted:
June 1, 2000
    If you've suffered a disabling head injury, or stroke you can inquire about a novel rehabilitation technique that has enabled patients to regain use of a limb disabled by brain injury. 

   The technique, called constraint-induced movement therapy, restores lost function by
rewiring the brain. If you've had a head injury you can learn about the trial by calling (205) 934-7660.  If you've had a stroke, learn about the NIH-sponsored national trial by calling (205) 975-9799.

American Stroke Association

...A Large Dangerous Animal...
     Brain injury transforms  persons into a non persons. It strips away memory, self reliance and dignity, and leaves behind a mere shadow of the former self. 
    Personality, and characterological changes transform the brain injury survivor into a different person, and frequently a not very likable person.
    Typically,  the survivor is unaware of  his or her newly acquired  deficits, and feels at a loss to understand the reactions of others.
     Perceptions, memory, thinking ability, emotional and behavioral control may  be deeply impaired and frequently out of reach of the survivor.  Essentially, the survivor  becomes estranged from his past and his family. 
   The experience is like that of  a stranger in a strange  land  where things look familiar yet different. No longer the person he or she used to be; friends and associates fall away. 
    Frequently families find themselves playing host to a unpredictable, dangerous stranger who bears little resemblance to the former self. 
    Links with the past can be lost as the survivor loses touch with  family history and traditions.  Estranged from a lifetime of learning and personal growth the survivor and family are cast adrift without a coherent identity, and without a coherent plan of action. 
    Typically, the strain on the family unit  becomes unbearable, and families fall apart.  Expectations based on years of pre-injury goals and accomplishments  are no longer applicable. 
    And, in many cases families lack sufficient  information and resources to create for themselves a new culture, a new and way of being, and growing together. 

     "Since his brain injury living with my husband is like living with a large dangerous animal.

Explore these and other issues at a: Fee Seminar, Saturday, 05/04/02
Seattle, WA

Head Injury Hotline 
Seminar info


Visit Seattle Insider

Build a Better Brain 

   "It's a good idea to keep the brain and the body active to stay fit. By remaining active and engaging in diverse mental activities, you're building more brain connections and, in effect, building a better brain.
Dr. Steven Ferris, professor of psychiatry and executive director of the Silverstein Aging and Dementia Research Center at New York University School of Medicine in Manhattan. 

Doctors Miss Children's Head Injuries from Abuse

     According to a report from Brown University School of Medicine, Physicians overlook head injuries, caused by abuse about one third of the time. 

     Researchers, who studied 173 children under age 3 found that 54 of the 173 children with head trauma caused by abuse -- such as hemorrhaging, fractures and bruises on the brain -- were not properly diagnosed. 

     "In some cases, the parents knew that someone had hurt the baby and they didn't  tell the doctors," says study leader Dr. Carole Jenny.  "in other cases, parents didn't have a clue.  Abuse may have come at the hands of a baby sitter, grandparent or boyfriend." 

     Fifteen percent of the 54 children were reinjured after the missed diagnosis, and  22 percent of the group experienced medical problems related to a missed diagnosis.

Source:  Journal of the American Medical Association, February 1999

When Should a Head Injury Involve a Trip to the Emergency Room?

    NY Times: Children commonly suffer great falls.  They fall off of beds, they tumble off changing tables, and they fall down stairs.  Older children fall on their heads on playing fields, fall off bicycles, and in-line skates to name a few.  Most end up with nothing more serious than bad headache, but sometimes complications require emergency treatment. 

      That leaves parents with this often perplexing question:  When is a head Injury minor and when should it involve a trip to the emergency room?

     The first thing that a parent should do after a fall is to find out what happened, said Dr. Mary E. Aitken, the lead author in a survey of what physicians do when a head injury involves little or no loss of consciousness, nor behavioral changes.  This may include minor concussions. 

     For anything other than the most minor blow, at least call the doctor and observe the child carefully," she said.  Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, loss of consciousness, seizures, lethargy, irritability, swelling, bruising, bleeding and memory loss may be signs of a serious problem.  Most symptoms, she said, surface within 36 hours. 

Source:  Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, December 1998

Pediatric Committee Issues Warning on Youth Soccer

    SeaTimes: "We're putting out a word of caution," said Dr. Bernard Griesemer, who is the author of the statement for the sports medicine committee of the American Academy Of Pediatrics.  The statement sounds the alarm "On repetitive heading of soccer balls in young athletes, the bottom line is probably 'less is better.' " 

     Griesemer stressed that heading drills, in which a child's head is knocked repeatedly, are of greater concern to the pediatricians' group than is the occasional head-punt in the course of play.

     During the three to four minutes of "heading drills" each week a child will probably be bopped on the head 10 to 15 times by a ball tossed from about 10 feet away.   While coaches and trainers might not see the harm; the nation's leading group of pediatricians are concerned that the practice of repeated "heading"  a soccer ball could result in lasting brain injury. 

     The warning addresses youth soccer safety issues.  It outlines existing research and, said Griesemer, pending further studies restraint is warranted.  Now, as coaches roll their eyes and parents hold their breath, doctors are focusing on soccer -- the sport embraced for their children by many young parents as a safe alternative to football. 

     Pushed by enthusiastic Coaches and often prodded by gung-ho parents, more and more children are hurling themselves into competitive sports - and getting hurt doing it. 

    Loud groaning, and moaning can be heard across the nation's playing fields as coaches and parents brace for this latest assault on youth sports.  In the last two decades, doctors' warnings have sunk youth boxing, brought compulsory batting helmets to little league baseball, and outfitted pee-wee hockey players with mouth guards and eye protection. 

      Concerns over heading drills have been prompted largely by a pair of studies that compared the mental functioning of large groups of adult soccer players to adults of similar age and circumstances who did not play soccer.  One was conducted in Norway, the other in the United States, and all involved soccer players who had begun playing - and practicing heading drills - at a very early age. 

     In the Norwegian study of 106 former and still active professional soccer players, 81 percent were found to have impairment of their attention, concentration, memory and judgment that ranged from mild to severe.  The more recent U.S. study compared 60 young adult soccer players with a smaller group of non players found that attention and concentration deficits were significantly more common among those who "headed" the ball most often. 

    The studies do not prove that the practice of heading is to blame, and they don't establish how much drilling might be dangerous to the developing brains of children.  But they have appeared at a time when neuroscientists are demonstrating that lasting brain injury can happen even when a victim does not lose consciousness or suffer a concussion, and that the brain - like many delicate tissue - can be harmed over time by small repeated stresses. 

     Another recent study reported that amateur soccer players scored lower on tests of memory and planning than other amateur athletes did, and that repeated blows to the head may be the reason. 

     While some research has implicated "heading" the ball, other experts believe the more likely explanation is the frequent collisions between players and players' heads hitting the ground or a goal post.

     It has long been known that multiple mild concussions are more likely than a single episode to lead to long-term problems. 

     Those who have suffered at least two were significantly more likely to report continuing problems with headaches, sleep and concentration, and they scored significantly worse on tests of the ability to learn words, to think quickly and to handle complex tasks. 

Animal research suggests that the youthful brain remains vulnerable after a first concussion for a longer time than a mature brain does, so a high school athlete may need a much longer recovery time from a concussion before returning to play than a college player or a pro.

Also see our Concussion In Sports & our Head Gear pages.

 Source:  American Academy of Pediatrics, December 1998

Preventable Losses 

     The law firm of Nelson Tyler Langer obtained a landmark settlement on behalf of the distraught family of a young athlete who suffered a catastrophic brain injury.

     The tragedy of this unfortunate situation  is that the child's injuries and the resultant law suit could have been avoided if the athletic officials had simply availed themselves to readily available training concerning concussion in sports

Concussion in Sports
Head Gear

African American & Hispanic Children and Youth at risk 

     Among children younger than 4 years old, African Americans had the highest death rate per 100,000  persons.  Hispanics had the next highest rate according to a recent study published in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.

     According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Young African Americans are 50 percent less likely to use seat belts than whites and hispanics, with the problem especially acute for men between 18 and 29.

     "The fact remains that low seat belt use among African Americans is a public health issue of enormous impact that must be addressed now" said John Maupin, President of Meharry Medical College.

      If all African Americans used seat belts, it would save 1,300 lives a year, prevent 26,000 injuries and reduce societal costs by $2.6 billion Maupin said.

Source:  Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, December 1998

NTSB - School-bus Seat Belts

    SeaTimes: The National Transportation Safety Board decided against recommending seat belts in school buses after reviewing a report showing they sometimes can increase injuries to children.  9/22/99

Shaking Death

Manjit Basuta, 47, a British nanny convicted of causing the death of a San Diego toddler by shaking him, was sentenced to a mandatory 25 years to life in prison on October 1, 1999


Electric Shock & Lightning Strike Resources & Support
Tuesday, May 23, 2000
Los Angeles Times

TV Reporter Badly Burned in Explosion
By JONATHAN E. BRIGGS, Times Staff Writer

     A veteran television news reporter assigned to cover a news conference in Hollywood was seriously burned Monday when the microwave transmitter extending from a KABC van came too close to a 34,500-volt power line and caused an explosion. 

     The reporter, Adrienne Alpert, 48, was airlifted to Grossman Burn Center in Sherman Oaks, where doctors performed emergency surgery to restore blood flow to burn areas over 25% of her body. 

     Heather MacKenzie, Alpert's photographer, and a Los Angeles police officer suffered minor injuries and were treated at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and released. 

     The accident occurred about 9:45 a.m. as Alpert and MacKenzie were setting up for a live broadcast from the corner of Santa Monica Boulevard and Gordon Street, near the Hollywood  Forever Cemetery. 
                                                                According to witnesses, Alpert was inside the van as the transmitter was being raised several feet. MacKenzie was helping position the transmitter when it touched or came near a high-voltage wire. That created a power arc that triggered an explosion, authorities said.

     "The arcing looked like a miniature lightning bolt," said Los Angeles Police Officer Patrick Beighley, who was injured. 
Beighley said he saw Alpert in the front seat, just about to get out of the van, when "there was an illumination and then a concussive explosion."  -more- Link to full text in  LA Times.com

Electric Shock & Lightning Strike

  Capitol Watch 2000

   The Senate is at a critical juncture in its
consideration of Senator Schumer's clinic violence amendment.  Senators must hear from voters that violent criminals should not be able to avoid paying court-assessed penalties by declaring bankruptcy.  Please keep the calls and e-mails coming until you hear from us that a vote has taken place!  Forward this message to pro-choice
friends and co-workers.

Call the Capitol Switchboard at 202-224-3121.
Ask them to transfer you to your Senator and urge him or her to support the Schumer Bankruptcy Amendment. Click here to send an instant email message. .

Head Injuries Top List of Infant
June 20, 2000

    Head and neck injuries, account for
nearly 70 percent of the infant trauma
cases that hospitals see says a new 
study reported on by Dr. Mary Bailey, at the Pediatric Academic Societies
and the American Academy of Pediatrics 
Joint Meeting in Boston last month.

   Those disturbing numbers may only point
to a bigger problem. "Head injuries that
are severe enough to get someone admitted to the hospital really represent only the tip of the iceberg, compared to what we see in the emergency room," says Dr. Mary Hegenbarth, who specializes in pediatric emergencies at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Mo. "In fact, we'll see tons of head injuries that don't get someone admitted." 

Statistics for this study came from the National Pediatric Trauma Registry.

Page Sponsor
Law Offices of
toll free 

  Q.  I am a high school student and I was knocked out in a car wreck almost 1 year ago.  I thought things would be back to normal by now, but I'm still having  balance, memory and concentration problems.

    I went to my family doctor and he says he doesn't know why I still have problems, but he says they should clear up soon. 

    Now, I have to have a MRI scan the week before school starts. Then, for the rest of the term, I will miss lots of days of school because of ongoing doctor appointments. 

    I know MRI's don't hurt but I can't help but worry if something is wrong. 

    I was an honors student, now I struggle to make B's. My classmates have noticed and tease me for it.

   I didn't want my teachers to know about any of this, and now they will find out because I'll miss so much school. How should I handle this?

   Sorry for the sob story. - SZE

  A.  It's only natural to feel worried when symptoms linger on, and doctors don't have ready answers.  I  remember, how frustrating it was for me to have my life revolve around doctor appointments during the first few years after my head injury. 

    Hang in there, this too will pass. 

    If memory, mood and concentration problems don't clear up in the next few months you should see a adolescent neuropsychologist. That's a specialist in brain injuries in youngsters.

  I had a balance problem and suffered terrible dizziness for the first few years following my head injury, but gradually it  resolved completely. However, you might want to check out the Vestibular Disorders Associations for information on inner ear disorders.

   Keep track of your symptoms  in a journal, and discuss them with your doctors so that  you will have an objective record of your medical recovery.

   Concerning your teachers, clearly, they will need to be informed of your injuries, but I think that if you're honest with them and put forth a good effort, you'll find that they will work with you on this. See our Little Red Schoolhouse page for info on educational rights for students with disabilities

Try not to  worry   brain  injuries tend to heal slowly. There are effective work-arounds that will help you get though the rough spots. 

You'll find information and resources on the Head Injury Hotline web site http://www.headinjury.com.

The site integrates resources from diverse organizations including support groups, rehabilitation and research sites as well as lay and professional journals and more.   You can get information, join a support group, or a discussion group  -- Brain

Nelson Tyler & Langer, Attorneys at Law  -- headinjury.com sponsor
Attorneys at Law

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Spring Conference 2000

Techniques for the Use and Rehabilitation of Adults and Children with Acquired/Traumatic Brain Injury

Featuring - Oliver Sachs, MD
"Hidden Brain Injury and Recovery" 
May 24 - 25, 2000

Brain Injury Society  - 

Save this  date!
Speaking Out! 2000
June 1-4, 2000 
Link To:  http://www.aphasia.org 
National Aphasia Association
Fund Raiser:

   Clubhouse Classic 5-mile race or 2.5 mile walk.  June 11th, 2000

Midwest Brain Injury Clubhouse

Fund Raisers:

  Fund Raisers - On going,  benefit the  Recovery Awareness Foundation Founded  in 1998 provides technical, emotional, and financial support to caregivers of brain injury survivors. http://home.tbinet.org/raf/

Conference Program and Registration now available!

First International Conference on Self-Determination  &  Individualized Funding
July 29-31, 2000
Seattle, Washington, USA

FASST, 2nd Annual Conference

Friends and Survivors Standing Together -- "Tough Questions -- Good Answers for Survivors and Caregivers" July 31, 1999 - Douglasville, Georgia, 
770-949-5848  -http://www.fasst.org/


Learn relaxation techniques, investigate past lives, and find your inner child with   accomplished hypnotist, and head injury survivor, Wayson Lee, in a free workshop at the Northeast Branch of the Washington, DC Public Library

August & September 2000
details:  Wayson Lee

Facing the Future: Strategies for a Lifetime of Care - Improving Outcomes for individuals with Developmental Disabilities 

Keynote speaker:  Ted Kennedy Jr.
November 2 - 4, 2000
Wyndham Franklin Plaza Hotel - Phila, Pa, Phone:  856-429-5637, ext 593
Bancroft NeuroHealth http://www.bancroft.org

Pacific Coast Brain Injury Assoc and
Canadian Brain Injury Coalition present

The National Conference on Brain Injury Vancouver 2000
November 16 - 18, 2000
Increase understanding of the problems faced by people living with brain injury.
The Westin Bayshore Hotel. Vancouver BC - url: http://www.bcbia.org/
Contact: Darcel Moro,
email: dmoro@netcom.ca


Y2K Rub
   I am scheduled to address a federal, Interagency Conference on TBI 2000.  The conference will take place in December 1999.  My working title is the TBI Rehab:  The Real Y2K Bug.  Your contributions and comments are welcome and will be considered for inclusion  into my testimony. Link to: Related story      brain@headinjury.com

Link to: Text of Comments on behalf of Head Injury Hotline

October is: 

National Head Injury 
Awareness Month. 

2001 Brain Injury Support Fund

Founded in 1995 a tbi survivor provides financial and emotional support to needy brain injury survivors.  Giving limited to New Hampshire residents.

Help Wanted

White House Intern Program

Volunteer internships - for college-age students, applicants must be at least 18 years of age.

Contact:  Jonathan Young
Jonathan_Young@WHO.EOP.GOV.   Provide a complete mailing address, 
get an application by return mail.

Related Links
Personal Care Assistance Mailing List:

Vent Users Mailing List:

Early Intervention Directory

If your child suffered a brain injury and is under the age of five, they may be eligible for early intervention services. To find the contact information for the Early Intervention program in your area, click here

Free Stuff
From the Ashes, Constance Miller & Kay Campbell - The first head injury survivors owners manual.  Written by survivors for survivors Originally published in 1987 revised 1994  - an enduring resource for survivors, families and the professional serving them. http://www.headinjury.com -  Free copies available for support groupsemail requests to:  brain@headinjury.com

Web Site Design & Vision Defects:  A Critique

   The following is a critique of the web site of a prominent brain injury rehab center.  Once  the page loaded I looked at the left side and was shocked by the design. The page has a menu on the left, which is fine, but it superimposes 
text upon a simulated gray marble background. 

   One common screening method for detecting the presence of brain damage is to present visual stimuli which consist of objects in the foreground over a complex background. 

   In some cases of brain injury the subject cannot identify what is in the foreground because of background interference.  The striations and visual cacophony of the simulated marble is an awful choice for professionals in brain injury! 

   Secondly, because of the way that
the rods and cones function in the retina, it is always unwise to present BLUE text over a dark background.  I sent a short note to the organization suggesting a modification of the site. 

   The same blue text would be okay over a light, perhaps yellowish background. 

Edward M. Chilton, MA, ARP 
Rehabilitation Systems Consultant 
300 Delhi Street 
Guelph, ON  N1E 4L1 
Telephone:  519  826-6079 
email:  echilton@interlog.com 

     Thank you for contacting us. We're 
glad that you found enough useful info on our site to make a link to it! 

     We've visited your site and made links to it from several of our pages including our links page of course, and, the pages with references to injuries. 

     I hope this will help some of the young boxers who read our page for information to get a fuller picture of the risks and things to watch out for. 

Best wishes,

Dee Williams
Women's Boxing Page
Dee Williams & Julie Morgan

  • National Institutes of Health  Traumatic Brain Injury  Rehabilitation Consensus Statement, October 1998. Download from the internet, or request your free copy by toll-free telephone  888-644-2667.

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