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Copyright © 1998 Brain Injury Resource Center
Traumatic Brain Injury Costs
From The Ashes:
A Brain Injury Survivor's Guide

     According to a 1998 report by the National Institutes of Health, NIH, there are 5 million new head injuries in United States each year.  Of that number 2 million sustain brain injuries that result in lifelong difficulties in areas of work, school and family. Most such individuals 
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do not even require a hospital stay, yet they suffer such insidious impairments that lives are forever changed.

     About 100,000 of the most severely injured never return to meaningful, productive lifestyles. And, an estimated 750,000 a year require hospitalization, and another 100,000 result in death. 

     An astounding 1.9 million individuals, the lion's share of such injuries, suffer serious brain injuries that are largely viewed as inconsequential.  But, in reality such injuries cause devastating impairments that destroy lives just as effectively as more severe injuries.

    The problem for many such individuals is that their impairments may not be immediately apparent.  However, before long it becomes painfully clear that such individuals have been deeply changed in areas of thinking, mood and emotional control.  Many such individuals never resume their pre-injury lifestyles.  An alarming number spiral down into poverty and despair.. 

     Estimated annual cost for all conditions includes medical costs and indirect costs associated with death and loss of income.

Condition            Incidence       Deaths         Cost 

Brain injury          2 million        100,000       $25 billion
Stroke               2.6 million        145,000       $25 billion
Spinal Cord Injury   10,000        unknown       $8 billion
Cancer              1.1 million        510,000     $104 billion
AIDS                      50,000         26,000       $15 billion

Sources:  National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, National Cancer Institute, Centers for Disease Control, U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy and research


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