| The brain has many parts including the cerebral
cortex, brain stem and cerebellum. The brain is a very complex organ, it
regulates every aspect of human behavior. Everything about ourselves and
the environment is experienced through the brain. It has been described
as a three pound universe. It is thought to house the seat of the self,
the place where the sense of self resides.
Damage to the hippocampus interferes
with the ability to store
new memories. Likewise, the ability to use language recognize familiar
faces, to count, read and many other higher functions are depemdamt on
intact memory functions.Impairments in such basic functions are fundamental
to personal identity.
Wipe out one part of the
brain and the person speaks fluent giberish; other damage interferes with
the ability to recognize familiar faces.
The following represents primary brain functions
and some of the common problems that result from brain injury. The brain
functions as a interrelated whole, however injury may disrupt a portion
of an activity that occurs in a specific part of the brain.
Terms in parenthesis are the technical terms
used to describe certain deficits. Click here to see a cross
section of the brain. Refer to our TBI
Glossary for additional details.
Check our Health
page for additional health and medical resources.
here or scroll down to go to the Brain Map below